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  • Ncamiso Ngcamphalala

Cry the beloved Emaswati


Police brutality in one of the biggest marches few months ago

Whilst together as political parties and civil society then in 1963, there was a strike that paralyzed the economy as that unity of purpose was calling for the independence of the country from the British Rule.

The British did not resist but started a collective dialogue process of constitution making the institution who participated in the dialogue were the European Council representing the British, the Swazi National Council which represented the traditional structures and the political parties who were recognized then.

These committed people, who were passionate about a truly independent Swaziland, sat down and applied their minds to construct a Supreme law of a country, it was a genuine result oriented is dialogue that took them through all those paces to produce our very first Constitution. They worked out a constitution that balances and separated governing powers accordingly.

The institution of the Monarchy had defined powers that did not clash or conflicted with the Executive, the institution of the Monarchy had powers that did not conflict with law making or legislature, the institution of the Monarchy had defined powers that did not conflict with the role of the judiciary. The function to form a government vested in the people through their political party representatives.

The most unfortunate incidence in the 1967 first national election, is that the ruling party won all the seats in parliament. These scenario, created a culture of intolerance to voices of dissent, it also denied all the members of parliament a culture of debate within the house of parliament. That is why when in 1972 national elections the main opposition won three seats only in a parliament of twenty one seats then intolerance took its toll, and all hell broke loose when even the King colluded with the then ruling party Imbokodvo National Movement and they agreed to perform the biggest coup de tats against the people and the independence constitution.

The collusion of the Imbokodvo National Movement and King Sobhuza II Manifested itself on the state of readiness that King Sobhuza II responded to the stage managed parliament march to the royal Cattle Byre. Except for that fateful day April 12, 1973, there is never any other time that when you march to the cattle byre, you already find the King already in the venue, and after listening immediately there was a 1973 Decree with all newly formed structures that were launched on the very same day to ensure enforcement of the decree. The independence constitution had a repeal clause which required a referendum, and this wasn’t followed.

The institution of the Monarchy from that day on, took a risk of venturing into a dictatorship and ruled by decree as all voices of the people were silenced. Innocent politicians of the opposition became the first victims of the notorious sixty-days without trial.

During the multiparty Swaziland we have no records of poverty levels such as we have today,

During the era of multiparty Swaziland, we have no records of unemployment such as we have today,

During the multiparty Swaziland, we have no records of lack of drugs in public health centres such as we have today,

During the multiparty Swaziland most of our minerals such as Asbestos, Coal, Iron ore, were all exploited to the benefit of job creation.

During Multiparty era in Swaziland, all Big Companies and mines had an obligation to provided social facilities for their workers, such as accommodation, recreation facilities, and schools for workers children.

Today, we live in a political era that no longer recognizes the political parties. It is one thing that government tells the world at the United Nations Universal peer Review, and something completely different in practice, it is one thing what we have written and adopted in the constitution, practice on the ground is completely different.

The constitution has a section 2 that says it is Supreme all Emaswati Including the King and Ingwenyama have a duty to promote, defend, advocate at all times. Section 63 of this constitution that which we have a duty to defend, provides for the citizens’ rights and obligations, in section 63(e) dictate that, it is the citizen right in this country to call for the promotion of democracy and rule of law and this is the right that the peoples of Swaziland used when they Mandated the Political Party Assembly (PPA). When they are desirous o0f a dialogue between the institution of the Monarchy and the political parties, this is a constitutional right of the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini.

The reason is clear the current system of government have dismally failed the peoples of Swaziland. Whilst we are in an epoch that is defined as nearing the first world in two years from now, the situation on the ground points to a different direction in that;

Poverty is escalating

The number of he Swazi nationals who feed from donor aid food is increasing;

That there is acute shortage of drugs in public health centres

There are no jobs that are being created.

There is no sufficient scholarships for the tertiary qualifying Swazi students.

There has been no CoLa increment for the last three years so we are having a highly demoralized public service

There is still high level of people earning below poverty datum line.

We some Private sector employers paying workers bellow national minimum wage

All the above, have been developing slowly until those that govern believed that the people are no longer subjects of this country but objects to do whatever government desires.

Without CoLA for the last three months, proponents of this system of government have advised for

Increase of bread price

Increase of fuel price,

Contemplated increase on electricity. Nobody represents the interests of the marginalized, we do need dialogue to correct the political ills of the country.

Jan J Sithole

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